What are the Causes and Symptoms of Gingivitis

Woman holding mouth open to show dental plaque on her teeth

Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease that causes redness, swelling, and irritation of the part of your gums by the base of your teeth, the gingiva.  While it is very common, it’s important to get it treated and correct the problem as it can lead to much more serious gum disease and possible tooth loss.  Let’s take a look at the causes and symptoms of gingivitis:

Causes of Gingivitis

Gingivitis is mainly caused by poor oral hygiene. When you aren’t practicing good oral hygiene, such as brushing twice a day and flossing regularly, plaque forms on your teeth around the gums. If not treated, the plaque turns into tartar, which is hardened plaque that collects bacteria. If further left untreated, gum disease will develop. Other factors that can increase your risk of developing gingivitis are smoking/tobacco use, poor nutrition, hormonal changes, medications, and chronic diseases.

Symptoms to Look Out For

Healthy gums are pale pink, fitted around the teeth, and feel firm.  If you notice any of these symptoms, you might have gingivitis:

  • Dark red gums
  • Bleeding gums after brushing
  • Swollen and inflamed gums
  • Tender gums
  • Receding gums
  • Bad Breath
  • Irritation

To prevent gingivitis, make sure to brush your teeth twice a day and floss regularly. Also to prevent as well as treat gingivitis, make sure to get regular dental checkups.  If you are worried you might have gingivitis or need to get a checkup, let us at Fairfield Dental Arts help! Give us a call at (203) 254-3780 for more information.