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The Anatomy of a Mouth

The human mouth is quite an interesting adornment to the front of our faces, but it has a myriad of components that make it quite complex despite its simple facade. However, it is good to be familiar with the anatomy of a mouth so that you will be able to notice any problems and maintain a good degree of health. In fact, many sometimes consider the mouth as the key to all good health overall. At Fairfield Dental Arts we certainly take pride in being able to help you with any issues and to keep your mouth looking good.

The structure is complex, but it starts with the mouth cavity that is divided into the oral cavity proper and the vestibule. This is also the beginning of the alimentary canal, also known as the gastrointestinal tract, which is where food is consumed and works its way through as it is digested. The outer portion between the teeth, lips, and gums is the vestibule.

Then, the alveolar process is the hard ridge of bone that holds the teeth in their sockets and is the front border of the oral cavity proper. In the back, near the throat, it is bordered by the isthmus of the fauces which is where the uvula is located. On the roof of the mouth, there is the hard and soft palate in the front and back respectively. The floor then has the tongue and some other mylohyoid muscles that help with processing food as well as talking and other natural activities.

The mucous membrane of the mouth helps to keep things moist as is generally required for comfort. The teeth are separated into the maxillary and mandibular divisions. Maxillary denotes the upper ones while mandibular is for the lower, and they are both attached to portions of the trigeminal nerve. This gives them the feeling and such so that any irregularities might be noticed due to pain sensations, and it helps to keep everything in functional order. The lips denote the outside of the mouth, and they represent the transition from the inside mucous membrane to the external skin of the human body.

Overall, the human mouth is an excellent representation of how the species has evolved and developed over the years. Be sure to get regular checkups by the dental experts so that you can maintain a healthy lifestyle without the discomfort that some overlooked issues might cause. More information can be found at Fairfield Dental Arts here.


7 Most Common Dental Problems Adults Face

When it comes to dental problems, they are often more common than you’d think. The older we get, the more our enamel weakens, the gums recede, and other issues that come with aging start to occur. Most of these problems can be prevented with proper oral care like flossing, brushing twice daily, using an antibacterial mouthwash, and coming in for your appointments, but it’s important to educate yourself to help prevent poor oral health.

These are the top 7 most common dental problems we see at Fairfield Dental Arts:

Tooth Decay and Sensitivity

As you know, cavities are brought on by bacteria that is built up and erodes the enamel. This can cause the tooth to become extremely sensitive or even fall out.

Bad Breath

Bad breath can be caused by bad oral hygiene, cavities, gingivitis, dry mouth, and more.

Gum Disease

Also known as periodontal disease and gingivitis, gum disease occurs when the gum line is infected, inflamed, or irritated.

Bad Teeth

Crooked, unattractive, or stained teeth is very common with adults. Many adults never had braces, were injured, ate poorly, or never had proper dental treatment.

Dental Emergencies

Toothaches, cracked or chipped teeth, abscesses, and other problems that need immediate attention.


Mouth sores come in a variety of ways. From canker sores to cold sores and blisters, these can be extremely uncomfortable.

Oral Cancer

This is a serious disease that is brought on by tobacco use, drinking alcohol, STI’s, STD’s, and more. This is serious. If you think you could have oral cancer, contact us immediately.

If you are an adult and experiencing any of these problems or have questions and concerns, please contact us today!

Steps to Take After Injuring a Tooth

Uh, Oh! A newly injured chipped tooth? Don’t panic yet, because we’re here to give you all the information needed. If you have a chipped, cracked, missing, or displaced tooth, here’s what you need to do:


Is the injury just to your tooth, or is it affecting other parts of the face? If it’s other parts of the face, contact your doctor or go to the Emergency Room. Don’t wait and let the problem worsen.

If it’s just the tooth, there are some options depending on the severity! These are the most common:

Craze Line

This is a small crack along along the enamel. This is not a dental emergency and has no sensation. Try to avoid any additional stress on the tooth and make sure to bring this up at your next appointment.

Enamel Fracture

An enamel fracture is a chip along the edge of the tooth. Contact us to schedule an appointment. It doesn’t have to be immediately but at your earliest convenience. Take OTC medications to reduce any swelling in the gum, and place wax over the chipped area. This will help prevent the tooth from injuring other areas of the mouth.

Displaced of Loose Teeth

If the tooth is knocked out of place or moved from the original area, this is considered a dental emergency. Contact us immediately and schedule an appointment! At home, you should start on a soft or liquid diet, take an OTC medications to reduce swelling, and apply a cool towel to the area that is swollen.

At-Home Remedies

In some cases, at-home remedies won’t work or help, but in most, you can try over-the-counter medications to reduce swelling, cold towels to help numb the area, wax to protect the mouth, night guards to help limit the injury during sleep, and reducing stress on the teeth.

Contact Us

If you are experiencing any kind of pain from an injured tooth, it’s important to contact us and come see us as early as possible. Don’t let the injury worsen by no being proactive! We are here to help with any tooth emergencies and ensure quality oral care!

Home Remedies to Get Rid of Gingivitis

Gingivitis is really just  inflammation of the gums. This can occur after poor oral hygiene and result in loss of teeth, disease, and other conditions. There are multiple options to help treat gingivitis, so here are our best at-home remedies!

Brush Your Teeth Effectively

When brushing your teeth, make sure you are taking the proper steps for the right amount of time. You should be brushing no less than two times, two minutes per day. Brush the entire tooth, and don’t be afraid to get close to the gum line.

Use Mouthwash

Mouthwash helps clear the mouth of the bacteria you missed during brushing. The fluid can easily get in between the teeth and low into the gums. Make sure the mouthwash is antibacterial and contains fluoride.

Floss Regularly

Flossing is something that is often overlooked or put on the back burner when it comes to oral care. Don’t forget to floss as it can remove unwanted plaque build=up and other debris in the mouth.

The Right Toothpaste

There are special toothpastes made specifically for people with Gingivitis. Give one of these a try adding it to your daily routine.

If these at-home remedies aren’t working, come in and see us for more information!

Does Activated Charcoal Whiten Teeth?

Activated charcoal has been the talk of the town for the past fews months, and a lot of patients are wondering if the product is okay on the teeth, its benefits, if it really works, and  just general information. Here’s our take on activated charcoal and everything you need to know!

What Is Activated Charcoal?

Also known as Activated Carbon, Activated charcoal is essentially charcoal that has been heated/treated.This process increases the volume of the surface area with small, low-volume pore to increase absorption.

How Does Activated Charcoal Work?

Have you ever heard of tannins? Tannins are common in many foods like tea, wine, coffee, fruits, and more. These bind do your enamel and can cause stains. When you use Activated Charcoal, it uses its natural adhesive qualities to remove those surface-staining culprit by also binding to them. When you rinse, they are pulled from the enamel and bound to the charcoal.

Other Benefits

Activated Charcoal isn’t limited to whitening teeth. Here are some additional benefits:

  • Toxin Removal

Activated charcoal can help with digestion by binding to toxins and absorb gastrointestinally.

  • Skin Care

It can be used to exfoliate, spot treat, and heal minor skin conditions.

  • Anti-Aging

Charcoal contains components that help with complexion.

Is It Safe?

Activated charcoal is okay to digest, but you want to be careful when applying to your teeth. If the material is not fine enough, it can scratch or damage the enamel. Ask your dentist before using activated charcoal. There is definitely a process when it comes to safely trying this technique!

For more information, contact us. We want to ensure you do this safely to prevent any damage!

Taking Care of Your Braces When It Comes To Food

Have you been wearing braces? If yes, how do you ensure you always provide exceptional care to your teeth? The following are some of the essential things that you’ll need to know.

Avoid Consuming Hard Foods

Hard foods like carrots, pretzels, apples,  and candies can be problematic for your braces. They have the potential to cause bands or wires to snap. When it comes to some of the harder healthier foods, we don’t want you to abstain just because of your braces. Try chopping them into small pieces before eating. Cooking or steaming can also help soften them in texture.

Regularly Brush your Teeth

With braces, you need to brush your teeth more than twice a day. Food particles are easily trapped within the wiring. If they are not properly cleaned it could lead to cavities or even destroy your braces. To avoid this scenario, we recommend brushing your teeth after every meal.

Rinse your Mouth with Clean Water

Swishing water inside your mouth is an extremely effective way of removing any food particles that may be stuck. It is advisable you perform this procedure before and after brushing just in case anything is left over that could erode the enamel.

Remember, it is your job to ensure your teeth clean and in good shape while out of the office. If you need further assistance or help cleaning with braces, contact us!

How to Brighten Your Smile this Holiday Season

Believe it or not, the holiday season is officially here! Are you ready for all of those parties, gatherings, and photos? If you’re looking to bump up the brightness of your teeth (without a phone app), then we have you covered! Without further ado, here are some helpful teeth whitening tips you’ll be sure to love:

Fairfield - November 17, 2017

  • Teeth Whitening Toothpaste – There are several different teeth whitening toothpaste brands out there. While these will not provide immediate or dramatic results, they can help prevent buildup.
  • Drink Plenty of Water – Remember to stay hydrated! Drinking water will help keep your teeth bright and healthy.
  • ZOOM® Whitening – We offer in-office whitening treatments! This treatment is safe, effective and fast. Unlike with other teeth whitening methods — you leave the office with a brighter smile, right away!
  • At-Home Whitening – If you prefer to brighten your smile in the comfort of your own home, we can create customer teeth whitening trays that are designed to fit your unique smile. You can fill these trays with whitening gel and wear them for 2 hours each day, for 1-2 weeks. At the end of the treatment, you’ll have a noticeably brighter smile!

Is it time to schedule your dental cleaning or looking into our teeth whitening options? Contact our office to schedule an appointment today! In addition: we’ll be glad to answer any dental floss related questions you may have!

3 Important Thanksgiving Dental Tips You Should Know

Thanksgiving will be here sooner than you think! That can only mean one thing: eating all the goodies your relatives make! Not so fast, though. Many of your favorite holiday fixings might be detrimental to your overall dental health (sadly). Here are some tips that will keep you smiling from ear to ear this holiday season:


1) Pack Your Toothbrush and Floss
Many people travel to a family member’s home for Thanksgiving. When you are packing for Turkey Day, don’t forget to pack your toothbrush and floss. Forgetting to do so will result in a last minute detour to the nearest convenience store.

2) Suppress Your Sweet Tooth
For some, the holidays provide an opportunity to overindulge in sweets. Overloading on sugar can increase plaque build up on your teeth. This Thanksgiving, take it easy on the sugar. After all, it’s not Halloween!

3) Eat Your Vegetables
Despite it being a cheat meal day for most, it’s important to stock up on vegetables! When you’re creating a plate, load up on green veggies — since they’ll help make your teeth stronger (thanks, calcium)!

From everyone here at Fairfield Dental Arts, have a Happy Thanksgiving! If you are in need of dental services in Connecticut, give us a call at 203-254-3780 to schedule an appointment.

What to Do If You Have Chapped Lips

Cold weather is upon us and that only means one thing: chapped lips. Known to be quite the uncomfortable feeling, chapped lips can be quite painful if you happen to have braces or any other dental work. Although you should use lip balm (and other lip ointments) in moderation, here are some better ways to cure those chapped lips: 

Use a Humidifier

One of the simplest tricks to curing dry lips is to use a humidifier. Known to put moisture back into the air, these water-based device will be the perfect way to keep your lips (and skin) from drying out in the winter — especially if you sleep with the heat on, or take hot showers.

Stay Hydrated

Another trick to keeping your lips moisturized is to stay hydrated with water. Many times, those with dry lips and skin tend not to drink water frequently — which ceases moisture production. If you’re looking to cease the dryness, put down the soda and pick up a bottle of water. Not only will this be better for your teeth, but it will also help keep you (and your skin) hydrated!

Use a Natural Balm

Still feel the need to use lip balm? Before you purchase another tube, give coconut oil a try! This natural remedy is the perfect alternative because it not only moisturize your lips, but it won’t build a dependency like traditional lip balm! Additionally, coconut oil will leave your lips feeling soft and moisturized for a while — it’s the perfect product!

Is it time to schedule your fall dental cleaning? Contact our office to schedule an appointment today!


3 Types of Dental Floss You Should Use

Fact: there is more than one type of dental floss on the market. That’s right — one of the biggest staples of oral hygiene comes in a variety of different materials/finishes to give you the healthiest, brightest smile on the planet! If you’re looking to floss your teeth and don’t know which type to use, here are a few options we recommend:

Fairfield - October 27, 2017Floss 1: Waxed Floss

Known as the most traditional dental floss, this oral hygiene staple has been around since the earliest days of dentistry. Unlike its cousin (unwaxed floss), this waxy counterpart makes for the strongest bond floss — and will be less likely to break or slip when you’re using it. In addition: waxed floss is quite simple to use, since the wax creates a grip-like texture when you’re holding it.

Floss 2: Unwaxed Floss

Holding a reputation for being the most famous of the flosses, unwaxed floss is composed of nylon yarn and is known to get into every tight space between teeth. Although waxed floss is the stronger version of this floss — the string is bulkier and not as thing as unwaxed floss. If you’re looking to get into every nook and cranny, then this will be the perfect floss for your pearly whites!

Floss 3: Super Floss

Have you recently acquired braces or dental implants? If so, super floss will be the perfect choice for you! Unlike traditional dental floss, this majestic dental floss is stiffer and can easily adapt to any surface it encounters. In addition to being quite durable, super floss also comes in a waxed and unwaxed portion, if you have a dental floss preference! Super floss really is super — and will be very beneficial to use!

Is it time to schedule your fall dental cleaning? Contact our office to schedule an appointment today! In addition: we’ll be glad to answer any dental floss related questions you may have!